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QSI 583c
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QSI 583

Breakthrough QSI image quality
now with a larger, 8.3mp sensor
at a breakthrough price!

  • Full-frame 8.3 megapixel KAF-8300 sensor
    with integral RGB Bayer Color Filter Array
  • Single-Shot color imaging
  • Low noise, wide dynamic range
  • 16-bit output, USB 2.0
  • Up to 45°C CCD cooling
  • Built-in mechanical shutter
  • Available internal 5-position color filter wheel utilizing standard 1.25" color filters
  • Available Integrated Guider Port (IGP)>>
  • MaxIm DL and CCDSoft Drivers
  • Macintosh support using Nebulosity
  • ASCOM-compatible Windows API
  • Linux drivers and API More


For amateur astronomers currently imaging with a digital SLR, the QSI 583 provides a huge step up in image quality. With the increased sensitivity and much lower noise of the 583 you can capture many more images in the same night with comparable quality to what you're used to today, or capture images with much higher signal to noise ratio in the same amount of time. Make the most of your dark time! Color and mono versions are available.

Monochrome QSI 583 also available
Click here for details>>


 


QSI 583c Scientific
Cooled CCD Camera

The QSI 583 sets a new benchmark for price performance in a scientific camera utilizing the 8.3mp Kodak full-frame KAF-8300 CCD image sensor with microlens technology. Integral Bayer RGB color filter array allows Single-Shot color imaging. The high quantum efficiency, wide dynamic range and low noise performance make the 583c ideally suited to a broad range of demanding astronomical, scientific and industrial imaging applications.

The 500 series sets a new benchmark for compact design and power efficiency in a high performance, full-featured scientific CCD camera. Because the optional internal color filter wheel is positioned so close to the focal plane, the QSI 583 can utilize standard 1.25" color filters, dramatically reducing the cost of the total imaging system.

The QSI 583 camera system is supported by industry leading image acquisition software and development tools are available for creating custom Windows or Linux imaging applications.

The QSI 583csg is now available with an Integrated guider Port allowing you to guide without the need for an external guide scope.
Learn more about the available built-in OAG>>

Starting at $3,095  
Configure Camera

Why QSI?
Why QSI?

 


Refined Design
High Performance CCD Image Sensor
Leading Edge Technical Performance
Efficient, Low Power CCD Sensor Cooling
Mechanical Shutter
and Color Imaging
Innovative Integrated Off-Axis Guider
Connectivity and Notification
Extensive Software Support
Innovative, Aesthetic Body Design

Small enough to practically hide behind a CD-ROM, the medium format QSI 500 Series family sets new standards for full-featured, high performance scientific CCD cameras. The striking appearance, refined design and superior fit and finish only hint at the advanced technical performance lurking inside. Some have described it as a work of art.

A defining feature of the 500 Series is the flexible design that permits three progressively configured body styles with a minimal impact on overall size. The relative sizes of the three body configurations, Slim, Medium, and Full, can be seen in the image to the right. A camera's body size depends on the internal features installed. The Slim body is the thinnest version and can be used with CCDs incorporating an electronic shutter. The Medium body provides addition space for an internal mechanical shutter. The Full body allows the installation of both the shutter and a five position filter wheel with interchangeable filters.

Engineered with extensive use of sophisticated CAD-CAM design tools, the 500 Series is CNC machined from aircraft grade aluminum alloy. The finely finished anodized body components are assembled with corrosion resistant stainless steel hardware throughout.

Small, Light-Weight and Thin


The 500 Series is designed to support image sensors with a maximum diagonal measurement of 22mm, characterizing the family as Medium Format cameras. For this class of camera they are surprisingly compact. At just 4.45" square, the Slim body camera is just 1.68" deep, occupying less than 30 cubic inches and weighing in at under 26 ounces. Even a Full body camera with shutter and color filter wheel is only 2.5" deep and a mere 40 ounces. In fact, the small footprint is the practical limit for a camera with a 5 position filter wheel using standard 1.25" interchangeable filters.

Keeping the depth of the camera to a minimum was an early design goal. Not only is backfocus minimized, but the camera moment-arm is reduced resulting in greater stability. Tight spaces, like through the forks of an SCT telescope, are no longer a problem. The shutter and filter wheel were placed inside the body, very close to the image sensor reducing backfocus and overall depth. The motion control electronics are actually buried in the 0.12" thick shutter/filter mounting plate to reduce depth further. Pulling the cooling fans and heatsinks into the body resulted in another significant reduction in depth. Finally, having all electrical cables and the optional liquid heat exchanger recirculation hoses exit the body in the same direction and perpendicular to the optical axis insured an interference-free fit in tight spaces.

More Camera and Application Photos >>

8.3 Megapixel CCD Image Sensor

The QSI 583c model camera employs a Kodak KAF-8300 8.3 megapixel full-frame CCD image sensor with microlens technology. The integral RGB Bayer color filter mask allows Single-Shot color imaging. The KAF-8300 sensor has a photoactive array of 3326W x 2504H pixels. It has excellent quantum efficiency between 350nm and 1000nm with peak QE of 40% through the integral color filter array. Low noise results in a dynamic range exceeding 70db.

The sensor employs a vertical overflow drain that provides both antiblooming protection and a fast electronic shutter. Micro lenses cover the surface of the CCD to focus the light into each pixel to increase optical response. See the Specifications tab for more detail. The diagram below shows the image sensor response for the three built-in color filters.

 
 

  High Performance Design

"The QSI 500 Series scientific camera family was designed from the ground up to attain the highest possible imaging performance from Kodak's KAF and KAI CCD image sensors."

  • Sophisticated mixed-signal design practices are utilized throughout the camera. This permits a very compact design while eliminating interference from conducted and radiated noise. All of the many internal clock and bias voltages are set via high precision Digital to Analog Converters (DACs) under computer control, allowing automated optimization during manufacture. ROHS compliant multi-layer circuit boards and surface-mount components are used exclusively. A unique circuit board stacking methodology eliminates interconnecting wires that could reduce reliability.
     
  • Arguably, the most important aspect of a CCD camera design is the video processing subsystem. This is where almost all of the camera's performance characteristics are established. The 500 Series video processing begins with a very low noise, precision preamp to accurately amplify the microvolt level pixel signal from the CCD image sensor. This signal is then processed through a Correlated Double Sampler (CDS) to reduce temporal read noise in the pixel signal. Subsequent signal conditioning then feeds the pixel level to a high-speed, precision 16 bit Analog to Digital Converter (ADC) where it is converted to a digital value between 0 and 65535.

    The Read Noise contributed by this entire subsystem is exceedingly small. So small in fact, that it is virtually undetectable, contributing less than 1/30 of the combined read noise of a typical KAF image sensor. The low read noise and carefully chosen camera gain yield excellent Dynamic Range. Linearity is also outstanding, limited only by the CCD image sensor itself.
     
  • An internal pipelined data architecture with a large FIFO memory buffer is employed to achieve a constant 500,000 pixel/second read rate from the CCD. The multi-controller design effectively decouples the camera pixel read operation from the USB transfer process while ensuring maximum throughput.
     
  • A carefully designed and isolated switching power supply generates all of the voltages needed to operate the camera from a single 12VDC power source. Low noise design practices and advanced filtering techniques completely eliminate any measurable impact on camera noise performance.
     
  • All significant performance characteristics, including Linearity, Read Noise, and Photon Transfer (Gain), are tested and confirmed during manufacture. Each camera's timing and voltages are carefully set during manufacture to ensure maximum Charge Transfer Efficiency, and to minimize charge injection and other secondary noise sources. QSI's exclusive ResearchSpec profiling ensures optimal performance in every camera.

CCD Cooler Subsystem
 
Key in the compact design of the 500 Series cameras is a very efficient 12 watt thermoelectric CCD cooler subsystem. Intelligent, programmable cooling fans are integrated into the rear of the camera body to remove the heat generated by the cooler. Typically, forced air cooling lowers the regulated CCD temperature by 38C below ambient utilizing 85% power. Tight +/- 0.1C temperature regulation is maintained at temperature settings of 10C below ambient and lower. A slim liquid heat exchanger (shown at right) can be attached to the rear of the camera body to increase the cooling further, up to 45C below the temperature of the circulating fluid.

The cooled CCD image sensor is positioned in a hermetically sealed environmental chamber covered with an anti-reflection coated precision optical window. The chamber is purged with an ultra dry noble gas to minimize the frost point and heat conduction. To extend the useful period before re-purging is required, a user-rechargeable microsieve desiccant is employed to scavenge water molecules that enter the chamber. It is located behind a sub-micron, permeable membrane to prevent particulate contamination of the CCD chamber.

Cooling and Dark Current
 
Effective cooling of the CCD image sensor is essential for long exposure imaging, especially in astronomy. Thermally generated electrons accumulate in the pixels over time and compete with the electrons that make up the image. This accumulation of thermal electrons is known as 'dark current'. It lowers the dynamic range of the sensor and reduces the signal to noise ratio. Eventually the thermally generated electrons will swamp the image.

Fortunately, dark current can be reduced dramatically by cooling the CCD. Kodak KAF CCD sensors accumulate thermal electrons at a rate of roughly 4 electrons per second per pixel at 25C. With every 5.8C decrease in temperature the dark current is reduced by half. Where a 10 minute exposure might generate 2400 thermal electrons at 25C, it will produce only about 10 at -25C. This is a very small number when compared to the CCD read noise of 8 electrons and the pixel capacity of 25,500 electrons.
 

Shutter Subsystem

The 500 Series achieves its compact size and unique configuration flexibility though an innovative shutter/filter subsystem. Both the mechanical shutter and filter wheel can be installed internally while keeping the growth of the camera dimensions at a minimum. This results in minimal loss of backfocus as these features are added. The compact design also reduces vignetting with fast optical systems

Mechanical Shutter

The Model 583cs camera incorporates the internal mechanical shutter in the 'mid-size' camera body configuration . The shutter is not only used for timing exposures, but can be left closed to produce 'dark frames' for subsequent image processing. Exposures can be as short as 0.03 seconds or as long as 240 minutes.

Single-Shot Color Imaging

Single-Shot color imaging is made possible by overlaying the pixels on the CCD with an alternating red, green and blue color filter matrix at the time of manufacture. This is also how the vast majority of color video and still cameras create color images. The raw image from the camera requires further processing to extract the color and luminance information and create a final image. Most CCD image acquisition software, inlcuding MaxIm LE and MaxIm DL, have special processing for just this purpose.


Integral Off-Axis Guider
 
Selecting the best guiding solution has always required a compromise. The available, integral off-axis guider (OAG) solves many of the problems associated with existing guiding solutions.

The Right Guiding Solution

Guiding with a separate guide scope provides the most flexibility, but differential flexure can be an issue, especially with long focal length scopes. With an internal guide chip, you're forced to guide with light through your filters and you can't guide at all while the shutter is closed or an image is being downloaded. This is especially problematic for narrowband imagers. To get around those issues, you could add an external off-axis guider, but a traditional OAG can add an inch or more of back focus plus more weight and two new mounting surfaces that need to be held rigidly.


Guide with Light From
in Front of the Filter Wheel

The QSI 500 Series "wsg" models solves the problems with other guiding solutions by integrating a precision off-axis guider directly into the camera body with the pick-off prism positioned in front of the integrated color filter wheel – right where it belongs.



Never Struggle With Finding a Guide Star

One of the main challenges when using a camera with an internal guide chip is to find a star bright enough to guide by within the limited field of view of the intenal guide sensor. When shooting through red, green or blue filters, ⅔ of the available light is blocked by the filter and not transmitted to the internal guider chip, guaranteeing lower signal-to-noise stars for guiding. This problem is compounded with narrowband filters where as little as 1% of the total light from a star reaches the guide chip. By positioning the pick-off prism in front of the filters, you always have all the star's light available for guiding.

Integrated OAG Supports Fast Optical Systems

By integrating the off-axis guider into the camera, we're able to position the pick-off prism very close to the internal filter wheel adding minimal backfocus and eliminating any possibility of flexure or rotation compared to a traditional OAG. The large ½" square pick-off prism is optimally positioned close to the internal filter wheel, supporting the use of guide cameras with large sensors, while preventing any vignetting of the main sensor even with very fast optical systems.

Flexible Guide Camera Options

The off-axis guider (OAG) built into 500 Series "wsg" models is designed to support any camera with 12.5mm of back focus or less that can be attached using C-mount or T-mount threads. The photo above shows a 532wsg with a Meade DSI Pro attached as the guide camera. Many cameras are designed with 12.5mm of back focus to be compatible with CS-mount lenses. CS-mount lenses use the same thread as C-mount (1" x 32tpi) but with 12.5mm of back focus as opposed to 17.5mm for C-mount.

Click here for a list of guide cameras known to be compatible >>

Easy, Rigid Guide Camera Focusing

The guide camera attaches to the "wsg" using a C-mount or T-mount threaded adapter (specified at time of order). The threaded adapter sits on top of the focus ring and allows the guide camera to be rotated to any position. The focus ring threads onto the focus base to allow 3mm of travel when focusing the guide camera. Once focus is achieved, the focus ring is locked with a set screw. The guide camera can still be rotated manually if desired without changing the focus. The end result is a rigid, easily focused guide camera that will not move or flex while your mount tracks the apparent motion of the night sky.



The connector panel, shown above, is thoughtfully recessed into the body of the camera for protection and provides access for all external connections. The two threaded holes on the back of the body are used to attach an optional cable restraint system to support the electrical connections as well as the recirculation hoses if the liquid heat exchanger is employed.

USB Interface

All 500 Series cameras utilize a standard USB 2.0 (USB 1.1 compatible) port for connection to the host computer and imaging application software. Read and transfer time for an entire 2048x2048 image frame is typically less than eleven seconds.

Guider/Control Port

A four channel optically isolated control port is accessible through a standard 6 pin modular connector. The signal pin-out is compatible with most modern telescope mount drive correctors and is intended to be used for telescope guiding under MaxIm/DL and CCDSoft. The outputs can also be used for other control purposes when developing your own applications with the 500 Series ActiveX software development toolkit. The outputs are common emitter, open-collector and can sink up to 50ma. The maximum voltage should not exceed 50v.

Power Requirements

One of the defining features of the 500 Series cameras is power efficiency. A fully configured 583c camera operates from a single 12v DC supply and only consumes less than 21 watts at full cooling, with both fans at maximum. Included with each camera is an approved 12 volt DC power supply with an input voltage range of 90-240V, 50-60HZ.

Notification

Both visual and audible notification is built into all 500 Series cameras. A multi-color LED status display provides visual indication of the various states of camera operation. The behavior of the indicator is configurable and can be disabled by user command. A unique internal beeper provides audible feedback of camera operation and status. Like the visual display, the beeper can be configured and disabled by the user.


Comprehensive Software Support

Every 500 Series camera is accompanied by a collection of software applications and tools that allow you to begin imaging immediately or develop custom camera control applications to precisely match your requirements.

View complete 500 Series Software details >>

MaxIm LE and MaxIm DL

MaxIm LE is based on the award winning MaxIm DL version 4.5 from Diffraction Limited providing the fastest and easiest way to image the night sky. All QSI Series 500 cameras are supported for imaging and auto-guiding, plus most popular guider cameras are supported as well. MaxIm LE is available with any 500 Series camera. You can upgrade to MaxIm DL/CCD for an attractive price at the time of purchase. Details >>

Drivers for Software Bisque's CCDSoft

Realizing that one shoe doesn't fit all, QSI also supplies the necessary drivers for CCDSoft, the popular Image Processing and Camera Control Software from Software Bisque.

Windows Custom Application Development

QSI provides an ASCOM-compatible API (Application Programming Interface) enabling users to write their own custom camera control applications. The camera control API is an automation component that communicates with the camera device driver and exports a COM automation interface. COM automation provides an interface which Microsoft Office, VB, VBA, C++, and other Windows applications can use to control the camera. The API is available as part of the QSI Software Development Kit (SDK), available for download from the QSI website.

ASCOM Learn more about the ASCOM Initiative.

Linux Custom Application Development

QSI provides a camera control C++ API for Linux users on Intel x86-compatible platforms. The API provides full camera control and image capture capabilities via the USB interface. The API is implemented as a shared library providing an easy to use camera object that exposes all of the features and capabilities of the camera. It is well suited for both simple scripting, and more sophisticated imaging application development.


Field Upgradeable Firmware

All 500 Series cameras can be upgraded to the latest firmware in the field. The latest firmware is always available for download from the QSI Software page. QSI supplies a simple fail-safe Updater application that handles all the details.

Model 583c Available CCD Image Sensor Specifications (Typical)
 
 
Feature Standard
CCD Manufacturer & Model     Kodak KAF-8300       
CCD Architecture Full-frame
     Microlens Yes
     Anti-blooming Yes - 1000x suppression
     Color Filters Yes - Internal RGB, on CCD Bayer color filter mask
Imager Size: (WxH) 17.96mm x 13.52mm
Pixel Array (WxH): 3348x2574 total pixels,
3326x2504 active (visible)
Pixel Size: 5.4µm x 5.4µm
  Typical Values
Pixel Full Well Depth 25,500 electrons
Absolute Quantum Efficiency Peak: 40% at 550nm
Pixel Dark Current <0.02 electron per second at -10C
Dark Current Doubling 5.8 C
Intrinsic Read Noise 8 electrons RMS
Dynamic Range 70db
Charge Transfer Efficiency >0.999995
Manufacturer's CCD Imager Specifications
KAF-8300 (PDF)


Model 583c Camera Specifications
  (See additional 583csg specifications>>)

Feature Model 583cs
CCD Image Sensor KAF-8300C
Electronic Shutter 0.03 seconds to 240 minutes
Mechanical Shutter Yes
Internal Color Filter Wheel No
    Filters None
Camera Body Configuration Medium
Enclosure
Dimensions W4.45” x H4.45” x D2.00”
(add 0.225" for T-Mount)
Weight, without Nosepiece 34 oz.  /  950g
Optical Back Focus
(without Filters in path)
0.90" w/ T-mount adapter
0.68" w/ C-mount adapter
0.68" w/o mounting adapter
Thermoelectric CCD Cooling Temperature regulation +/- 0.1C, @ 0C  to -40C CCD temperature
In free air,
Fans @ Full Speed
Typically 38C below ambient air with 85% cooling power
With Opt Liquid Cooling - Fans Off Typically 45C below circulating liquid with 85% cooling power
(adds 0.75" to camera depth)
Cooling Fan Control Intelligent, user configurable
Camera Gain User Selectable 0.5 e-/ADU, 1.5 e-/ADU
Digital Resolution 16 bits
Total System Read Noise 8 electrons RMS (typical)
Full Image Read and Download Time <21 second (host computer dependent)
Binning Modes Symmetrical and Asymmentrical on-chip up to 3x3, user selectable
Status and Notification User configurable multi-color LED status indicator and multifunction
audible beeper. Over-temperature and high/low voltage alarms.
Power Consumption 12v, 1.7A (20.4 watts) at max cooling, max fans and filter moving
(25 AC watts max with included 90-240V AC power supply)
Operating Environment Temperature: -20C to 30C, Humidity: 10% to 90% non-condensing
Computer Connectivity USB 2.0 (USB 1.1 compatible)
Other Ports Optically isolated 4 channel control port for telescope guiding
or other application specific control
T Mounting Adapter Standard adapter - T-Thread, 42mm x .75mm

C Mounting Adapter
(1" x 32TPI)
(May vignette 583 sensor)

Optional, C-Mount lens focus compatible
(17.5mm backfocus)
Nosepiece Standard, T-Adapter to 2" nosepiece
Optional, T-Adapter  to 1.25" nosepiece
The following standard items are included
with every QSI 583cs camera:

    (See 583csg standard items>>)
  • T-Mount Camera Adapter*
  • T-Mount Adapter Cover*
  • T-Mount to 2" Nosepiece*
  • 12VDC / 90-240VAC power supply
  • 10' USB 2.0 Interface Cable
  • 10' Standard Guider Cable
  • QSI Software Installation CDROM
  • Drivers for MaxIm DL/CCD and CCDSoft
  • ActiveX Developer's Toolkit
  • Custom Fit Pelican Storage Case

View all Accessories >>
* Other options are available at
the time of purchase. See Configure Camera page...

Options and Accessories
Power Supply
Replacement 12v DC power supply for all 500 Series cameras. Input: 90v-240v AC 50-60Hz.
Liquid Heat Exchanger
Provides up to 10C additional CCD image sensor cooling. For use in warm weather conditions.
Color Filter Wheel
Replacement five position color filter wheel. Ideal for quick change of additional filter sets. Accepts all standard 1.25" filters.
Recirculating Pump
Water recirculating pump for use with liquid heat exchanger - 115VAC. Twenty five feet of clear vinyl tubing included.
1.25" Nosepiece
1.25" nosepiece to T-Mount adapter. Optional
SLR Lens Adapter
Designed for full-size QSI "ws" cameras with T-Mount adapter. Available for Canon EOS and Nikon F lenses.
2" Nosepiece
2" nosepiece to T-Mount adapter. Standard on all 500 Series QSI cameras.
T-Mount Adapter
T-Mount adapter plate. Standard on all 500 Series QSI cameras.
MaxIm DL/CCD Version 4.5 Upgrade
Upgrade to MaxIm DL/CCD version 4.5 at the time of camera purchase and save substantially over the regular retail price.

C-Mount  Adapter
C-Mount Adapter plate. Fits all Slim body QSI 500 Series cameras. May vignette 583 sensor.
C-Mount Type II Adapter
C-Mount Adapter plate. Fits all Medium body QSI 500 Series cameras. May vignette 583 sensor

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